Implementation of the MSP in Majuro (RMI), the busiest tuna transfer port in the Pacific Six signatory countries have not ratified the treaty: Angola, Benin, Brazil, Canada, Samoa and Sierra Leone. States, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations are coming together to help the parties fill gaps in their legal, institutional and operational capacity to enforce the Agreement. This work includes aligning legislation with PSMA requirements, establishing mechanisms to monitor INN offenders, training staff in port inspection standards, and introducing information-sharing strategies and technologies. As a market state and a major importer of seafood, U.S. fishermen, fish buyers and consumers will benefit from broad global enforcement of the agreement, which effectively closes international ports to INN vessels and prevents illegal catches from entering international trade. As a world leader in sustainable fishing, the United States has a responsibility to ensure that imported fish are legally caught. Similarly, the United States has a responsibility to protect our local fishermen from unfair competition and to ensure consumer confidence in the supply of seafood by excluding illicit products from the market. INN fishing is a global problem that threatens ocean ecosystems and sustainable fishing. IUT fishing includes violations of conservation and management measures, such as setting quotas or by-catch restrictions established by national coastal state legislation and international agreements on the high seas and common fish stocks. Many of the operational requirements of the agreement were general practice for the United States, with modest adaptations to existing procedures. For example, under other U.S. laws, all foreign-flagged U.S.
Coast Guard vessels must have notice of arrival before entering a U.S. port. NOAA has worked closely with the Coast Guard to improve existing communication and information sharing mechanisms for NOAA Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement to review the entry or refusal to carry foreign-flagged fishing or fishing vessels, in accordance with the Port State Port Measures Agreement and the Port State Measures Act. This screening procedure allows us to verify, before the arrival of the vessels, basic information, such as flag status, on-board catches, fishing authorizations/authorizations, the latest fishing activities and other relevant information. With the same information, we simultaneously use this process to prioritize and identify an inspection cause. The treaty entered into force on June 5, 2016, 30 days after it was ratified by a 25th state. Since September 2018, the treaty has 55 parties, including 54 states plus the European Union: since all fish must come to port for commercialization, preventing vessels carrying illegally harvested fish is an effective way to prevent and discourage IDT fishing. Denial of access to the port and access to port services, and thus the prevention of access to illegal seafood trade, increase the costs of ININ fishing and remove financial incentives to participate in these activities. The agreement on port state measures to prevent, combat and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is a 2009 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) international treaty aimed at preventing and eradicating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. The NOAA Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement is equipped to meet the global requirements of the agreement through government and federal partnerships, pulse-focused operations and a new personnel plan.
The Office is currently seeking the support of 28 government law enforcement authorities.